A variety of targets are available to simulate a wide range of traffic scenarios. The targets can be used in both static and highly complex, dynamic tests. The focus here is on creating realistic conditions, for example to investigate the behavior of sensors.

  • The pedestrian dummy not only looks like an adult human, it also behaves like a human when detected by radar and camera sensors. The legs can simulate a walking motion using servo motors. The dummy can be used in both active and passive tests, which it survives undamaged up to a certain collision speed. The collision partner, e.g. an autonomously driving vehicle, is also not damaged during specified tests due to the special design of the dummy. Standardized tests according to Euro NCAP can be realized with the pedestrian dummy.
  • In addition to the pedestrian, the researchers can also use a dummy cyclist with wheels that can be rotated. In the cross-traffic scenario, the dummy is designed for crash speeds of up to 60 km/h. In terms of radar/camera sensors, the target behaves similarly to its real-world counterpart.
  • The vehicle target can also be used for driving as well as sensor tests. Due to the crashworthy design, collisions of up to 65 km/h can take place. Within 2 minutes the target can be reassembled with 2 persons after a crash. The crashworthiness prevents expensive sheet metal damage to both the vehicle and the collision partners during active driving tests. Multiple use without damage to the hardware is thus ensured.
  • The Euro NCAP Vehicle Target complies with the latest EURO NCAP and IIHS regulations. It can be used, for example, to test emergency braking systems. The target is also recognized by common sensors.


  • C-ISAFE PAdDy adult target
  • C-ISAFE ArChi child target
  • C-SAFE Car4 target (rotating wheels)
  • 4activePA adult target
  • 4activePA child target
  • 4activeBS bicyclist target
  • 4activeC2 car target
  • ADAC target

Examples of use

  • Studies on pedestrian behavior
  • Driving and evasive action with bicyclists
  • Optimization of object detection with environmental sensors

Laboratory management and team

Scientific Director CARISSMA – ISAFE, Research Professor for Vehicle Safety and Vehicle Mechatronics
Prof. Dr.-Ing. Thomas Brandmeier
Phone: +49 841 9348-7460
Room: H023
Tanja Pongratz
Phone: +49 841 9348-3419
Room: H120